Children with acute pneumonia in the presence of hypotrophy derive no benefit from conventional therapy, with no change for the better being noted in the degree of endogenous intoxication. Endotoxemia has been shown to be alleviated by endovascular laser irradiation of blood included in the complex of therapeutic means of remediation used in acute pneumonia against the background of hypotrophy, which fact permits reducing the volume of medicamentous therapy. The above treatment option has also been found to exert a beneficial effect on the course of the illness.
AIM: To study effects of laser therapy in combined treatment of pneumonia on external respiration function, membrane permeability, microcirculation and serum trace elements.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: 142 pneumonia patients were randomly divided into two groups: 96 patients treated with drugs and laser radiation (the study group) and 46 patients treated with drugs only (control group).
RESULTS: In the study group there was more pronounced reduction in cell membrane permeability, a rise in concentrations of iron and chromium in the blood serum, improvement of microcirculation. These changes closely correlated with those in immunity, external respiration function.
CONCLUSION: Laser therapy is an effective method of pneumonia treatment and can be included in relevant combined schemes.
We compared the effectiveness of complex treatment including transcutaneous low-level laser radiation of chest by He-Ne laser /66 patients/, AsGa laser/68 patients/, magnetlaser therapy/66 patients/ and decimeter-wave therapy /62 patients/. We used individual laser radiation dosing method according to V.M. Lisienko and R.I Mintz / 1987/. All three types of laser therapy have beneficial influence on inflammation proc-ess in patients with pneumonia, having positive effects on laboratory and rentge-nological symptoms. After such treatment patients recover two times faster, especially after infrared laser radiation or its combination with magnettherapy. Structural optical serum properties evaluation with the help of polarization microscopy and refractome-try methods showed that there are many liquid crystals of different types in the begin-ning of pneumonia. There is feedback between serum refraction index and severity of pneumonia, existence of complications. After treatment serum refraction index aver-age values returned to normal in all four groups of patients. Laser therapy improves immune status of patients. Magnct-lasertherapy and infra-red laser radiation are the most effective, including cases of lingering disease. Individual laser radiation dosage stimulates phagocytosis. According to the above-mentioned complex treatment of pneumonia can include low-level laser radiation.