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Stimulatory effect of 660 nm low level laser energy on hypertrophic scarderived fibroblasts: possible mechanisms for increase in cell counts

Webb C, Dyson M, Lewis WH. Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Varying effects of red light wavelengths on in vitro cells have been reported. Low level lasers (LLL) are employed to assist wound healing especially for indolent ulcers. On healing, burn wounds may become hypertrophic, resulting in excessive wound contraction, poor cosmesis, and functional impairment. This study enquired whether 660 nm LLL affected hypertrophic scar-derived fibroblasts.

STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: The experiments investigated the effect of a 660 nm, 17 mW laser diode at dosages of 2.4 J/cm2 and 4 J/cm2 on cell counts of two human fibroblast cell lines, derived from hypertrophic scar tissue (HSF) and normal dermal (NDF) tissue explants, respectively. The protocol avoided transfer of postirradiated cells. Estimation of fibroblasts utilized the methylene blue bioassay.

RESULTS/CONCLUSION: The post-660 nm-irradiated HSFs exhibited very significantly higher cell counts than controls P < 0.01 on days 1-4 (Mann-Whitney U-test), and P < 0.01 on days 1-3 for similarly irradiated NDFs.

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